3.8. Checks of the brake system. Adjustment of the parking brake

The dust which is formed as a result of wear of slips and accumulating on components of the brake mechanism may contain asbestos hazardous to health. Do not blow this dust by means of compressed air and do not inhale it! Do not use solvents on the basis of gasoline for removal of dust. Dust should be washed away a special cleaner of the brake system or methyl alcohol in drain capacity. After rubbing the component of the brake system a damp rag this rag and contents of drain capacity should be held in the closed and signed container. Further, whenever possible, try to use the components which are not containing asbestos.

Except checks through the established time intervals a condition of brake mechanisms it is necessary to carry out every time at removal of wheels or at emergence of signs of malfunction in system. For driving safety the procedures of check of the brake system described below are the most important of all procedures for service of the car made by you.

Signs of malfunctions in the brake system


1. Disk brake mechanisms can have the built-in indicators of wear of frictional slips which signal that wear of slips reached critical size. At the same time slips should be changed immediately, otherwise brake disks will be damaged and they will need expensive repair.
2. Any of the listed below signs can indicate potential defect of the brake system:

a) When squeezing a pedal of a brake the car "takes away" in one party.
b) Brake mechanisms when braking make the scraping or squealing sounds.
c) The pedal of a brake has the excessive course.
d) The pedal of a brake pulses (it normally only during the work of the ABS system).
e) Leak of brake fluid is observed (usually on inside of the tire or a wheel).
3. In case of detection at least of one of these signs immediately examine elements of the brake system.

Brake lines and hoses


In the brake system steel brake tubes, except for the flexible reinforced hoses at forward wheels and as connections at the back bridge are generally used. Regular survey of all these lines is very important.

1. Park the car on the flat platform and switch off the engine. Take off caps from wheels. Weaken, but do not remove bolts of fastening of all four wheels.
2. The car and reliably establish to Poddomkratta it on support.
3. Remove wheels.
4. Check all brake lines and hoses for existence of cracks and attritions in their external covering, leaks, swellings and deformations. Check brake hoses in forward and back parts of the car for existence of signs of a softening, cracks, deformations or wear as a result of friction about other components. Check all nipple connections for existence of signs of leaks and make sure of reliability of fastening of all bolts and clips of brake hoses.

5. Bend hands in one and other parties a brake hose to reveal damages. It is not necessary to twist hoses. Watch the direction of the color line put on a hose!

6. Turn a steering wheel to the right and to the left against the stop. Hoses should not touch car design elements at the same time.
At detection of leak of liquid or their damages it is necessary to eliminate immediately. For more detailed description of the procedure of repair of the brake system address the Head the Brake system.

Check of thickness of brake shoes


1. Thickness of external brake shoes can be checked through an aperture in a wheel disk by means of a pocket small lamp. The internal block can be checked by means of a pocket small lamp and a mirror. If it is necessary to estimate more precisely block thickness, it is necessary to remove a wheel and to measure a block by a caliper.

Experience shows that wear of a brake shoe of a wheel from the forward passenger is more, than from the driver. Therefore for check of thickness of a brake shoe it is recommended to remove a wheel from the forward passenger.

2. Note paint the provision of a forward wheel in relation to a nave. It will allow to establish the balanced wheel in the working situation. Weaken bolts of fastening of a wheel. At the same time the car has to stand on the earth.
3. Lift a forward part of the car and establish on supports. Remove a forward wheel.

4. Internal (1) and external (2) blocks check thickness (arrows) for illustrations through an opening in a support (4). (3) – brake disk.

5. The limit of wear of thickness of brake shoes is reached if the overlay of a block (5) has thickness of 2.0 mm. In this case the brake shoe needs to be replaced, address the Head Stsepleniye and power shafts.

In practice, 1 mm of wear of a brake shoe corresponds to at least 1000 km of a run of the car. This rule corresponds to adverse service conditions of the car. In normal conditions wear of blocks is much less. At a thickness of block of 10.0 mm (with a basis plate) the block can be operated still not less than 3000 km.

6. Check a possibility of leak of brake fluid in supports. With leakage urgently repair a support (work HUNDRED).
7. Visually check brake disks for existence of flutes, traces of impact of corrosion and cracks. The ventilated disks with cracks thickness in a hair and up to 25 mm long which cause of emergence the raised loading can be do not need to be replaced. At cracks and grooves more than 0.5 mm in depth brake disks need to be replaced.
8. Check thickness of brake disks, address the Section Replacement of Blocks of a Forward Disk Brake.
9. Establish into place forward wheels so that the tags put at removal coincided. Previously grease with a thin layer of bearing lubricant the aligning wheel disk belt on a nave. Do not grease bolts of fastening of a wheel. Replace rusty bolts. Wrap bolts. Lower the car on wheels and tighten bolts cross-wise the moment of 110 Nanometers.

Check and extra earnings of the parking brake


1. Pass on the car and stop it on the road with not heavy traffic of transport.
2. Squeeze out a pedal of the parking brake on 3 teeth and release a foot brake.
3. The parking brake has sufficient efficiency of action if the car reliably keeps.

If the parking brake is pressed through one distance further to 5 teeth, it is necessary to regulate a brake.

Brake extra earnings


The parking brake is served by 2 drum brakes located in back disk brakes. Thanks to it the parking brake wears out slightly. Owing to corrosion of the brake drum or pollution of brake shoes the brake moment can decrease. For achievement of optimum action of its brake it is necessary to earn extra.
1. Pass on the dry, not having heavy traffic road.
2. At a speed about 50 km/h install the transmission in neutral situation. Extend the handle of an otpuskaniye of the parking brake and press 2 – 3 times a pedal of the parking brake. Thus stop the car.

 When braking by the parking brake the signal of braking does not light up. For this reason be especially attentive in relation to the transport moving behind.

3. Continue the movement on the car with a constant speed about 50 km/h.
4. Extend the handle of an otpuskaniye of the parking brake, squeeze out a pedal of the parking brake and about 10 sec. hold pressed.

If the parking brake badly drags on, after its cooling repeat braking process.

5. If the parking brake after check is released badly or after extra earnings and adjustments drags on on the one hand, check brake shoes and cables, if necessary replace.

Adjustment of the parking brake


The parking brake has to be adjusted once within carrying out the first maintenance in case the pedal of a brake moves more than to 5 teeth.
1. Squeeze out a pedal of the parking brake by effort in 170 N (17 kg). If at the same time the pedal moves more than to 5 teeth, the brake needs to be regulated.

For this purpose hook on a dynamometer for a pedal and press a pedal so that the dynamometer showed 17 kg.

Lifting operation and installations of the car on supports is connected with danger! Therefore before carrying out operation study Poddomkrachivaniye's Section and towage.

2. Lift and install the car on supports so that wheels freely rotated.
3. Cast away pillows of a back seat forward.

At the models which do not have a possibility of recharge remove pillows.

4. Cast away a rug and uncover (1) over the equalizer of a brake cable.

5. Tighten an adjusting nut (2) on the equalizer (3) on two turns.

6. Again check the course of a pedal of the parking brake. If necessary again tighten an adjusting nut so that the brake pedal at effort of 170 N (17 kg) could be moved on 5 teeth.
7. Release the parking brake and check whether back wheels easily rotate.
8. Establish a cover over the equalizer and put back a rug.
9. Cast away a pillow of a back seat back or establish it.
10. Lower the car on wheels.